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There are many types of eye accidents that can take place, some more serious than others. Some might necessitate emergency action and immediate care by an optician, while others can be dealt with at home. Follow these guidelines for routine eye injuries, to determine the next step in case of an eye emergency. Remember that common sense safety measures including using safety goggles or glasses may be your best approach to avoiding eye problems altogether.
An example of an injury that should be regarded seriously is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can cause serious damage very quickly and possibly end in blindness. Abrasions are often the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Because a scratch can open your eye to fungal infection it's crucial that you visit your eye doctor or an emergency room. The best advice for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely closed and to see your eye care practitioner immediately to make sure it is isn't infected. Rubbing the eye will only make it worse and entirely covering the eye provides the perfect environment for bacteria.
A chemical burn is another critical type of eye injury. It can be frightening to be sprayed in the eye by an unknown substance. The first thing to ascertain is which substance entered your eye. A chemical's basic composition can make a huge difference. While acids can cause substantial redness and pain, they can be rinsed out pretty quickly. However, alkali substances that are bases can be more serious even though they don't seem so since they don't result in as much initial burning or redness as acids.
While it is sometimes unpleasant to think about a serious eye injury, it's suggested to be prepared with how to respond in serious circumstances. By being prepared you can rest assured that you'll know how to handle most routine eye issues. Don't forget, extra safety measures can help prevent this type of injuries from the get go so consult with your eye doctor about preventative eye care options!